(1956) "Jamaica and Britain" History Today (Oct 1956) 6#10 pp 655-663. Today, horse racing provides jobs for about 20,000 people including horse breeders, groomers, and trainers.

Other species of bat include the fig-eating and hairy-tailed bats. Fish that spend the majority of their lives in Jamaica's fresh waters include many species of livebearers, killifish, freshwater gobies, the mountain mullet, and the American eel. Bob Marley is probably the best known Jamaican musician; with his band The Wailers he had a string of hits in 1960s–70s, popularising reggae internationally and going on to sell millions of records. [97][75] Some regions on the south coast, such as the Liguanea Plain and the Pedro Plains, are relatively dry rain-shadow areas.[98]. The British government sued for peace, and signed treaties with the Leeward Maroons led by Cudjoe and Accompong in 1739, and the Windward Maroons led by Quao and Queen Nanny in 1740.
[170], The Rastafari movement has 29,026 adherents, according to the 2011 census, with 25,325 Rastafarian males and 3,701 Rastafarian females. The island is famous for its Jamaican jerk spice, curries and rice and peas which is integral to Jamaican cuisine. Bustamante, at the age of 78, became the country's first prime minister. [109] Jamaica relies on the ocean and its ecosystem for its development. In the 1967 Jamaican general election, the JLP were victorious again, winning 33 out of 53 seats, with the PNP taking 20 seats. The country's two mobile operators – FLOW Jamaica (formerly LIME, bMobile and Cable and Wireless Jamaica) and Digicel Jamaica have spent millions in network upgrades and expansion.
One species of freshwater turtle is native to Jamaica, the Jamaican slider. [37] Battles at Ocho Rios in 1657 and the Rio Nuevo in 1658 resulted in Spanish defeats; in 1660 the Maroon community under the leadership of Juan de Bolas switched sides from the Spanish, and began supporting the English. Hawthorne, Evelyn J. He was named Honorary President of the Jamaican Press Association; he worked throughout his professional career to promote the Jamaican sugar industry. Cargill, Morris. The European settlers cut down the great timber trees for building and ships' supplies, and cleared the plains, savannas, and mountain slopes for intense agricultural cultivation. [142], Jamaicans in the United Kingdom number an estimated 800,000 making them by far the country's largest African-Caribbean group. Required fields are marked *, XHTML: You can use these tags

. Half the Jamaican economy relies on services, with half of its income coming from services such as tourism. It came into force with the Jamaica Independence Act, 1962 of the United Kingdom parliament, which gave Jamaica independence. [246] An investment programme in island transportation and utility infrastructure and gains in the tourism, mining, and service sectors all contributed this figure.

[11] According to the 2001 census, the country's largest Protestant denominations are the Church of God (24%), Seventh-day Adventist Church (11%), Pentecostal (10%), Baptist (7%), Anglican (4%), United Church (2%), Methodist (2%), Moravian (1%) and Plymouth Brethren (1%). 2013. Claude McKay was born on this day on September 15, 1889 in Nairne Castle More... © 2013 African Caribbean Institute of Jamaica.A division of the Institute of Jamaica. [14] While the most popular local sport is cricket, on the international stage Jamaicans have tended to do particularly well at track and field athletics.[14][198]. [83], The role of the support battalion is to provide support to boost numbers in combat and issue competency training in order to allow for the readiness of the force. University of the West Indies Press. [247], The global economic downturn had a significant impact on the Jamaican economy for the years 2007 to 2009, resulting in negative economic growth. The first Jews arrived as explorers from Spain in the 15th century after being forced to convert to Christianity or face death. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica (online), Abeokuta’s success as the capital of the Egbas, and its important link in the Lagos-Ibadan palm oil trade, led to wars with Dahomey (now Benin) in 1851. [146] Jamaican Canadians comprise about 30% of the entire Black Canadian population.    Mountains dominate the interior: the Don Figuerero, Santa Cruz, and May Day mountains in the west, the Dry Harbour Mountains in the centre, and the John Crow Mountains and Blue Mountains in the east, the latter containing Blue Mountain Peak, Jamaica's tallest mountain at 2,256 m.[11][75] They are surrounded by a narrow coastal plain. In early 2005, an Opposition leader, Edward Seaga, called for the merger of the JDF and JCF. It is also the indigenous home to four species of hummingbirds (three of which are found nowhere else in the world): the black-billed streamertail, the Jamaican mango, the Vervain hummingbird, and red-billed streamertails.

It is also the native home to the Jamaican swallowtail, the western hemisphere's largest butterfly.[108]. Some rappers, such as The Notorious B.I.G., Busta Rhymes, and Heavy D, are of Jamaican descent.

Unfortunately oil spills is not the only form of pollution that occurs in Jamaica.

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