The popular green tea called kahwah is often served after every meal in the Pashtun belt of Balochistan and in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

[134] It remains popular, however, in the Himalayan countries and Mongolian steppes.

In Burma (Myanmar), tea is consumed not only as hot drinks, but also as sweet tea and green tea known locally as laphet-yay and laphet-yay-gyan, respectively. [70] Many high-quality tea plants are cultivated at elevations of up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above sea level. [48] The Mongolian Khan donated to Tsar Michael I four poods (65–70 kg) of tea in 1638. [139], Sheng (raw) pu-erh tuo cha, a type of compressed aged raw pu-erh, A spicy Thai salad made with young, fresh tea leaves, This article is about the beverage made from Camellia sinensis. In addition, there may be Lepidopteran leaf feeders and various tea diseases.

[54] Tea smuggling during the 18th century led to the general public being able to afford and consume tea. [41][42] It became widely popular during the Tang dynasty, when it was spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Milk is thought to neutralise remaining tannins and reduce acidity. Tea has a stimulating effect in humans primarily by its caffeine content.[6]. Strainers, tea balls, tea presses, filtered teapots, and infusion bags prevent loose leaves from floating in the tea and over-brewing.

[84] Polyphenols include flavonoids, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and other catechins.

Indian tea culture is strong; the drink is the most popular hot beverage in the country.

Even when it becomes just cool enough to be sipped gingerly, it is still a good-tasting cup of tea, if you like your tea strong and sweet. [23] This pronunciation is also the most common form worldwide. Some Indian Assam tea appears to have hybridized with the species Camellia pubicosta.

Both the châ and chây forms are found in Persian dictionaries. To remain fresh and prevent mold, tea needs to be stored away from heat, light, air, and moisture. [77], Caffeine constitutes about 3% of tea's dry weight, translating to between 30 and 90 milligrams per 250-millilitre (8 1⁄2 US fl oz) cup depending on the type, brand,[78] and brewing method. One form of Chinese tea ceremony is the Gongfu tea ceremony, which typically uses small Yixing clay teapots and oolong tea. [7][8] An early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by Hua Tuo.

English drinkers preferred to add sugar and milk to black tea, and black tea overtook green tea in popularity in the 1720s. During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, unoxidized tea leaves were first pan-fried, then rolled and dried, a process that stops the oxidation process that turns the leaves dark, thereby allowing tea to remain green. ), commonly referred to as chai, is widely consumed. [29], Chinese (small-leaf) type tea (C. sinensis var.

Tea, however, was not widely consumed in the British Isles until the 18th century and remained expensive until the latter part of that period. However, the potential of this distribution and packaging method would not be fully realised until later on.

[59] In 1841, Archibald Campbell brought seeds of Chinese tea from the Kumaun region and experimented with planting tea in Darjeeling.

The loose tea is individually measured for use, allowing for flexibility and flavour control at the expense of convenience. [98] In Australia, tea with milk is known as "white tea".

Domestication origin and breeding history of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) in China and India based on nuclear microsatellites and cpDNA sequence data.

[44], Tea was first introduced to Western priests and merchants in China during the 16th century, at which time it was termed chá. Instant tea was developed in the 1930s, with Nestlé introducing the first commercial product in 1946, while Redi-Tea debuted instant iced tea in 1953.

[100] Historically, the order of steps was taken as an indication of class: only those wealthy enough to afford good-quality porcelain would be confident of its being able to cope with being exposed to boiling water unadulterated with milk. assamica, used in Pu-erh and most Indian teas (but not Darjeeling). Unlike Southern Yunnan Assam tea, Western Yunnan Assam tea shares many genetic similarities with Indian Assam-type tea (also C. sinensis var. [120][121][122][123], Tea production in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda has been reported to make use of child labor according to the U.S. Department of Labor's List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor. The word tú 荼 appears in the Shijing and other ancient texts to signify a kind of "bitter vegetable" (苦菜), and it is possible that it referred to many different plants such as sow thistle, chicory, or smartweed,[33] as well as tea.

[60] In 1848, Robert Fortune was sent by the East India Company on a mission to China to bring the tea plant back to Great Britain. Green tea is the central ingredient of a distinctly Malian custom, the "Grin", an informal social gathering that cuts across social and economic lines, starting in front of family compound gates in the afternoons and extending late into the night, and is widely popular in Bamako and other large urban areas. Examples are la (meaning tea purchased elsewhere) and miiem (wild tea gathered in the hills) from the Wa people, lahpet (လက်ဖက်) in the Burmese language, and meng in Lamet meaning "fermented tea leaves", as well as miang (เมี่ยง) in the Northern Thai language ("fermented tea").

[56] The popularity of tea played a role in historical events – the Tea Act of 1773 provoked the Boston Tea Party that escalated into the American Revolution. Starting in the early 17th century, the Dutch played a dominant role in the early European tea trade via the Dutch East India Company. After basic processing, teas may be altered through additional processing steps before being sold[93] and is often consumed with additions to the basic tea leaf and water added during preparation or drinking.

The need to address the issue of British trade deficit because of the trade in tea resulted in the Opium Wars. While still too hot to drink, it is a good-looking cup of strong tea. [22] The Dutch then introduced to other European languages this Min pronunciation for tea, including English tea, French thé, Spanish té, and German tee. The subsequent attempts by the Chinese Government to curtail the trade in opium led to war.

[32] The earliest written records of tea come from China. Tea plants are native to East Asia and probably originated in the borderlands of north Burma and southwestern China.

The Qing Kangxi Emperor had banned foreign products from being sold in China, decreeing in 1685 that all goods bought from China must be paid for in silver coin or bullion. [22] However, the Korean and Japanese pronunciations of cha were not from Cantonese but were borrowed earlier periods of Chinese history.

[52][53] Tea was sold in a coffee house in London in 1657, Samuel Pepys tasted tea in 1660, and Catherine of Braganza took the tea-drinking habit to the English court when she married Charles II in 1662. [17] In the Chronicles of Huayang, it was recorded that the Ba people in Sichuan presented tu to the Zhou king.

In Eastern European countries, Russia and Italy, tea is commonly served with lemon juice.

[49] According to Jeremiah Curtin,[50] it was possibly in 1636[51] that Vassili Starkov was sent as envoy to the Altyn Khan.

[38] Another early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text by Hua Tuo, who stated, "to drink bitter t'u constantly makes one think better. More often than not, it is drunk in "doses" of small cups (referred to as "cutting" chai if sold at street tea vendors) rather than one large cup. Some say it is preferable to add the milk to the cup before the tea, as the high temperature of freshly brewed tea can denature the proteins found in fresh milk, similar to the change in taste of UHT milk, resulting in an inferior-tasting beverage. Compressed tea is prepared by loosening leaves from the cake using a small knife, and steeping the extracted pieces in water.

[2] The first record of tea cultivation is also dated to this period, during which tea was cultivated on Meng Mountain (蒙山) near Chengdu.

Storage conditions and type determine the shelf life of tea; that of black teas is greater than that of green teas. Production of organic tea has risen since its introduction in 1990 at Rembeng, Kondoli Tea Estate, Assam. [10] The earliest European reference to tea, written as chiai, came from Delle navigationi e viaggi written by Venetian Giambattista Ramusio in 1545. [137] In 1983, Swiss-based Bischofszell Food Ltd. was the first company to bottle iced tea on an industrial scale.[138]. [17][18] It has been proposed that the Chinese words for tea, tu, cha and ming, may have been borrowed from the Austroasiatic languages of people who inhabited southwest China; cha for example may have been derived from an archaic Austroasiatic root *la, meaning "leaf".

Couldn't find the full form or full meaning of TEA? [15] One suggestion is that the different pronunciations may have arisen from the different words for tea in ancient China, for example tú (荼) may have given rise to tê;[16] historical phonologists however argued that the cha, te and dzo all arose from the same root with a reconstructed pronunciation dra, which changed through sound shifts through the centuries. [71], Two principal varieties are used: Camellia sinensis var.

Tea was disdained by the Northern dynasties aristocrats of the Central Plains, who describe it as a "slaves' drink", inferior to yogurt.

Tea is the most popular manufactured drink consumed in the world, equaling all others – including coffee, soft drinks, and alcohol – combined. In 1679, Russia concluded a treaty on regular tea supplies from China via camel caravan in exchange for furs. [133] By the beginning of the Ming dynasty, it had been displaced by loose-leaf tea.

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